- 18 years old girl can vote.
To answer straight it is in 1920. In 1920, Travancore princely state gave the rights to Women. In 1921, Madras Legislature passed historic law of providing voting rights to Women.Madras was the first Legiatrature in British India to give women a voting right. It is followed by Bombay and other presidencies in India.
When did women get the right to vote?
Born march 19, 1881 as Dorothy M. Graham to an Irish family in Kensington, she grew up a feminist, a franchise, and a thesofist. In November 1916, he married Sinhalese Thesofist and Freemason Kurupumulage Jiararajadasa, who completed his studies at Cambridge and was a close disciple of the famous thesofist Charles Webster Leadbeater. Jidu Krishnamurthy and Lord Nityananda joined the wedding.
The couple moved back to India. Shri Jinrajdasa began the work of spreading Theosophie and freemasonry in the US as well as India. Ms. Jinrajdasa, along with Annie Besant, Margaret Cousin, Malati Patwardhan, Ammu Swaminathan and others, founded the Women’s Indian Association (WAA) at Adiyar, Chennai on 8 May 1917 to improve Indian women. Members of Tamil Dar Sangam (Tamil Ladies Organisation) joined collectively.
Ms. Jinrajdasa’s hard work was paid and over the next five years, THE WIA grew to 43 branches, 20 centres and 2,300 members across India. Women leaders like Kanubehan C Mehta of Surat joined wa on their initiative.
One of the top issues for the WIA was the female franchise. Ms. Zinrajdasa began advocating Jewish fundamentalist liberal Edwin Montagu in the British cabinet serving as Secretary of State for India from her first year.
She had formidable support from Indian National Congress (Congress) leaders like Sarojini Naidu, who in 1917 accompanied Montagu to advocate women’s suffrage and to present a resolution for women’s voting rights at the Delhi Sarladevi Chaudharani Congress Led the delegation. 1918. Dame Millicent Fawcett, a leader of the English franchise movement, also pitched from her end.
Mr Montagu and Lord Chelmsford, Viceroy of India, formed the Southborough Franchise Committee to interview Indian women and decide on the ability of women to suffrage. The committee published its verdict in 1919 after interviewing women in Bengal and Punjab except the home ground of Madras, WAA. The decision went against women’s franchise.
India’s feminist leaders quickly went into action, especially Ms Besant, Ms Naidu, Herabai Tata and Jayji Jahangir Petit. While the WIA gathered women in India to take tough steps for voting rights, top leaders increased advocacy efforts with Mr Montagu and Lord Chelmsford.
On the other hand, women leaders like cornea Sorabjee and most franchisee committees were staunch against the right to vote for women, terming it as dangerous. A large number of Indian princes were also against it. Even Mk Gandhi spoke against it in young India.
The Montagu-Chelmsford reforms went against women’s right to vote. Based on the reform proposal, the Government of India Act of 1919 did not include the right to vote for women. India’s politically organized women felt betrayed.
WAA, Inc., Muslim League, Home Rule League, other Indian women’s organization and English franchise all focused on the provision that the local legislature could decide to register female voters. Ms. Jinrajdasa personally introduced suffrage motions in Bombay (now Mumbai) and Madras (now Chennai).
It took three days for the Bombay Council to pass the resolution, while it flew easily in the Madras Council. Out of 90 members of the Council, 40 were positive, 10 negative and 40 neutral. In June 1921, the women of Madras won their correct vote. It came two years after England approved the women’s franchise and three years after the U.S.
Lady Constance Lytton, leader of the English franchise, wrote in 1921, 0 “Please extend warm congratulations to the women of South India on winning their votes. I’m thrilled and it feels like a dream the way our experience in our own island (UK) has borne amazing fruit.
Australia’s Women’s Services Guild, France’s Action Special de la Fame and the British Dominion Women’s Citizens Association also wished them all the best and hoped other provinces would soon follow suit. Bombay and United Provinces followed suit within the year.
After Ms. Besant’s death in 1933, Ms. Zimeddasa became more involved in the internal politics of theorists. Unfortunately he fell from the faction’s support side, and his name stopped appearing in all documents beyond that point.
Shortly before India’s independence, she moved back to England. He died in Kensington, London, on 13 January 1963. But, their work is still in action, as Tamil women appear at polling stations compared to Tamil men, often choosing female leaders over men.
Historic overview of the conflict set to vote for women in India:
Geraldine H Forbes.0 “Vote for Women: Demanding women’s suffrage in India, 1917-19370 In symbols of power: Study on the political situation of women in India, Ed Vina Majumdar (Bombay: Mitra Press, 1979), 3-23.
Geraldine H Forbes, India’s New Cambridge History, 92-120.
Jana Matson Everett, Women and Social Change in India (New York, St. Martin’s Press, 1979), 101-140.
For some regional observation:
Gail Peterson, 0 “Reserved Seats: Women and Votes in Bombay0 Review of Indian Economic and Social History 20, No. 1 (1983): at 47-65.
Barbara Southard, 0 “Colonial Politics and Women’s Rights: Women’s Suffrage Campaign in Bengal, British India in the 1920s0 Modern Asian Studies 27, No. 2 (1993), at 357-439.
Barbara Southard, 0 “Bangia Nari Samaj and colonial politics in Bengal, 1921-1936 (New Delhi: Manohar. In 1995), 70-147 in the women’s movement and colonial politics0 “Bangia Nari Samaj and Mahila Suffrage Movement0 ”
It was the way before we got our freedom. The British government allowed women to vote. Montague – Chelmsford Reform passed through the Government of India Act, 1919 in 1919 through which women were allowed to vote. However, it started implementing in 1921.
Interestingly, not every adult women were allowed to vote. There were some guidelines for women. The guidelines based on the criteria of education, family and religion were relaxed.
India gave it a completely universal adult suffrage as soon as it passed the Constitution and declared itself a sovereign democratic state. In the first election of independent India in 1951, all women were allowed to vote irrespective of their education, religion, family status.